While the State of Kansas presents diverse landscapes, it is commonly noted for its flat landscapes and open prairie lands in several areas of the state. This topography presents preferrred circumstances for wind farms and the ability to harness wind power for vitality use. Wind farms must be located in areas with constant wind speeds averaging 10 mph (miles per hour) or larger to be successful. Based on the American Wind Power Association, Kansas places twelfth on the list of states for wind capacity.
What are Wind Farms?
Wind farms encompass a gaggle of wind turbines located together that collect energy from the wind because it blows. This vitality is remodeled into electricity and might provide homeowners and businesses with a “green” form of power to serve their wants. Inexperienced energy is the popular method of offering vitality, because it does not leave a “carbon footprint” in its wake. Green power is noted as coming from “” or “various” power sources. A carbon footprint refers to the quantity of carbon dioxide that is released into the ambiance from using traditional sources of power, reminiscent of coal, petroleum, and natural fuel. These are also known as fossil fuels and their emissions into the ambiance are known as greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases are detrimental to the Earth’s ambiance; that’s the reason it’s wise to keep away from using them as much as possible.
The nice Smoky Hills Wind Farm
The great Smoky Hills wind farm, located just 19 miles west of Salina, was constructed by Enel, the Italian renewable vitality developer. Enel sells power and gasoline to a huge market all through 22 international locations, including Europe and Latin America, as well as North America. The plant in Salina is predicted to produce 250 MW (megawatts) of wind vitality, which is sufficient to supply energy to eighty five,000 homes.
Part I of the wind farm turned operational in January 2008. This first phase concerned fifty six turbines that had been capable of providing one zero one MW of vitality. Phase II supplied ninety nine further turbines, with a further capability of 149 MW of energy, starting in December 2008. The plant did expertise a setback, nevertheless, when a transformer failed at the same time that Part II was set to turn out to be operational. These transformers are distinctive enough that a substitute was not readily available. It took a couple of months, therefore, to get the brand new transformer ready to go. Operations have been again online and working easily in Might 2009.
A brand new Manufacturing facility in Hutchinson
Siemens Power Firm, primarily based in Germany, just lately announced plans to build a factory to manufacture equipment elements for wind farms in Hutchinson, Kansas. This new factory will convey many employment opportunities for the citizens of Hutchinson in addition to the surrounding areas. The estimated $50 million wind turbine elements plant is expected to make use of four hundred people. The primary function of this wind farm might be to manufacture a component of the wind turbine called nacelles. Nacelles are the oblong pieces, situated at the highest of the wind towers, containing gears, electronics, and producing elements.
Siemens chose to put this manufacturing facility in Hutchinson due to its central geographic location in the United States and its efficient transportation entry. The total capability of the plant is estimated to be 650 nacelles per 12 months, which equates to 1,500 MW. The first nacelle is anticipated to be shipped from the plant in December 2010.
Other Kansas Wind Farms
Different wind farms in Kansas embody Grey County (40.8 % wind capacity factor), Elk River (44.1 percent wind capacity issue), and Spearville (47.2 wind capacity issue). Gray County Wind Farm was in-built 2001 and is situated in Montezuma, Kansas. The common wind pace at this farm is 20 mph. The Elk River Wind Farm got here online in December 2005, and the Spearville Wind Project had its formal dedication in October 2006.
Kansas is a smart choice to build wind farms and factories producing wind turbine elements. The state is poised to be one of the leaders in the nation to utilize and supply renewable energy sources.
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Sherry J. Irvin, staff writer for Unreel Media
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