Permitting the Keystone pipeline to be built requires a discovering that doing so could be in our nation’s curiosity. And our national interest shall be served provided that this venture does not significantly exacerbate the problem of carbon pollution.”
-President Obama, June 25, 2013
At the moment President Obama clarified the murky choice around the Keystone XL tar sands pipeline into a crystal clear query about the pipeline’s climate implications. And to this question there is an unequivocal answer. The State Department, the EPA, local weather scientists, and even Wall Road and business analysts agree that the Keystone XL tar sands pipeline will create large quantities of carbon pollution.
The first place to start out is the State Department’s own flawed review of the proposed mission, which assumed that the development of Canada’s dirty tar sands is inevitable with or with out the pipeline. This assumption is unsuitable (more about that later). But the State Department nonetheless finds that emissions from electrical generation for operation of the pipeline pumps alone would create approximately three.19 million metric tons of carbon pollution per yr. That is equal to emissions from 626,000 passenger autos operating for one 12 months or 398,000 houses utilizing electricity for one year. That is lots of carbon pollution.
The State Department’s environmental impression reviews have concluded that tar sands is 17 % extra carbon intensive than conventional crude oil. EPA’s evaluation puts that quantity as excessive as 37 %. Given the Keystone XL pipeline capacity of 830,000 barrels per day, the EPA estimates that Keystone XL will add 18.7 million metric tons CO2 carbon pollution Petroleum Machinery manufacture per year. That is much more carbon, however it nonetheless doesn’t scratch the surface.
Our companions at Oil Change International appeared on the true cumulative emissions of the pipeline and estimated that the Keystone XL pipeline can be responsible for no less than 181 million metric tons of carbon dioxide annually. That’s the emissions equal of putting 37.7 million extra automobiles on the road. Additionally they checked out petroleum coke (or petcoke) from the KXL pipeline — a strong coal-like byproduct of tar sands refining. This dirty waste product has been gaining attention in Detroit where an enormous pile threatens the surrounding community. The burning of petcoke from Keystone XL tar sands will add one other 16.6 million metric tons of CO2 pollution per yr to the Keystone XL grand whole.
So now again to State Division’s assumption that tar sands development is inevitable. This idea dates to the division’s earliest evaluations of the proposal, when oil business lobbyists enjoyed unfettered entry to State Division officials, carbon pollution had little bearing on the division’s resolution, and the Keystone XL pipeline proposal appeared like a sure thing. But occasions have changed.
Later this week, the Sierra Membership and our companions will release new evidence from federal officials, Wall Avenue, business analysts, and refining executives admitting on the report that Keystone XL will immediately determine the amount of tar sands mined from Alberta, Canada. And proving as soon as and for all that there is nothing ‘inevitable’ about tar sands or about Keystone XL.
Proposed tar sands pipelines across Canada have been firmly rejected. Canada’s international reputation has been tarnished by its aggressive promotion of dirty tar sands and its efforts to challenge local weather motion around the globe. Right here in the United States, a nationwide movement has grown to prevent this pipeline, to forestall all tar sands pipelines, and to demand action on climate options. The cheer from this movement at this time on the president’s phrases shook the nation.
The State Division is now reviewing greater than 1.1 million comments opposing the pipeline. The climate impacts – as nicely as the dangers to human health, private property rights, wildlife, drinking water, farms, and ranches – are lost on not one of the millions of People from all 50 states who oppose this pipeline.
The president’s promise to make use of climate pollution as the standard by which Keystone XL will be determined means his choice will now be easy. Now all of it comes all the way down to frequent sense. And the huge climate implications of Keystone XL will lead the State Department and the Obama Administration to reject the pipeline.