ExxonMobil is an American primarily based company that’s directly descended from John D. Rockefeller’s Normal Oil. Exxon and Mobil merged in 1999 to create ExxonMobil which is centered in Irving, Texas. Ranked at both No. 1 or No. 2 for the past 5 years, it is one of the most important publicly traded companies by market capitalization. When evaluated for market income, it’s 2nd on the planet making it a real large in the vitality industry total. With 37 oil refineries and over 83,000 employees, ExxonMobil is the biggest refiner at present in operation. It sells its products beneath the manufacturers of Exxon, Mobil, and Esso which have long been known for quality and customer support. Of the six oil supermajors, ExxonMobil is indisputably the largest and produces over 3.9 barrels of oil equivalent each single day.
Anandarko Petroleum is an unbiased oil and natural fuel exploration and production firm that is among the many world’s largest. It began its life cycle in 1959 as a subsidiary of Panhandle Japanese Company in response to the large amounts of pure gasoline that have been being found in the Anandarko Basin. Anandarko Petroleum finally break up from its mum or dad firm in 1986 and at the moment operates in over a dozen completely different international locations although its U.S. onshore operations account for 60% of its reserves. Its reserves of oil equal are roughly 2.Three billion barrels with 206 billion barrels of oil equal being produced every year as of 2008. With its headquarters positioned in the Woodlands, Texas, Anandarko employs over four,700 individuals in both its domestic and worldwide operations. Almost about the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, BP billed Anandarko $272 million for its share of the cleanup as they were companions in the operation. Nonetheless, this invoice might be considered voided if the spill was caused by gross negligence or willful misconduct on the behalf of BP.
Apache is an independent oil and gasoline firm that is at present headquartered in Houston, Texas and operates both domestically and internationally. It was originally created in 1954 by three males in Minnesota and drilled its first wells in Oklahoma’s Cushing area. Its headquarters was moved from Minneapolis to Denver in 1987 and at last from Denver to Houston in 1992. Despite the fact that it is based within the United States, there are regional places of work and operations in Canada, Australia, Argentina, the North Sea, and Egypt. With over 4,400 workers and $12 billion in revenues for 2010, Apache is traded through the brand new York Stock Alternate as a public company and is a key participant on the S&P 500. This makes it a direct competitor with companies like Anadarko however not larger companies like Chevron.
Chevron is an American firm that is involved in every aspect of the oil, gas, and geothermal power industries. It operates in greater than 180 nations and has its headquarters in San Ramon, California. As one of many world’s six supermajor oil firms, it has been ranked among Fortune 500’s 5 largest firms for the past five years. Chevron is presently ranked 4th after Apple, ExxonMobile, and Walmart. In 2011, Forbes Global 2000 ranked it as the 16th largest public company on the earth. It employes over sixty two,000 individuals and sells its merchandise underneath a wide range of model names. It sells its fuels under the manufacturers Chevron, Customary Oil, Texaco, and Caltex. Chevron additionally handles the upstream enterprise of Unocal, whose pumps are owned by ConocoPhillips. In addition to its fuels, it additionally operates Star Mart, Further Mile, Redwood Market, and Town Pantry comfort stores. Chevron also markets Techron as an important additive of their gas.
ConocoPhillips is another multinational oil firm that relies in the United States. In 2002, Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Company merged to kind ConocoPhillips. It’s a Fortune 500 company that’s traded as a part of the S&P 500 and is ranked 22nd on Forbes Global 2000. With its headquarters primarily based in Houston, Texas, ConocoPhillips is the fifth largest personal energy company on the planet. In North America, it sells oil underneath the brands of Conoco, Phillips 66, and Union 76, while promoting below the title of Jet in Europe. It operates in virtually forty totally different international locations all around the world, employing 29,000 folks in complete. With 19 refineries at present underneath its possession, ConocoPhillips is the world’s fourth largest non-government managed refiner overall.
Devon Vitality, founded in 1971, is one in every of the biggest unbiased United States primarily based producers of oil and pure gasoline with its headquarters in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The company mainly focuses on their North American onshore exploration and manufacturing operations. Devon owns and operates each natural gasoline pipelines and remedy services in most of its areas of production. This makes it certainly one of North America’s largest processors of natural gas and also considered one of Fortune 500’s largest corporations in America. It is usually included as part of the S&P 500 Index. With more than 5,000 staff worldwide, Devon can be ranked as considered one of Fortune’s a hundred Finest Corporations to Work For and Most Admired Firms. It features these titles partially by the use of its intensive community outreach programs by way of which it contributes sources to all the things from legislation enforcement businesses and fireplace departments to youth programs and schools.
Greka Power is also presently generally known as HVI Cat Canyon. It’s a United States based private oil and pure gas firm that operates mainly in California’s Santa Barbara county. It was created in 1999 after the acquisition of several mergers purchased by its dad or mum firm, Greka Integrated. Its oldest part, Saba Enterprises, was established in 1981. With roughly 200 workers, its petroleum extraction and asphalt processing operations made Greka the largest onshore oil operator in Santa Barbara County. In China, Greka owns and operates Green Dragon Gasoline which is a publicly traded company on the London Inventory Trade. Though owned by the same folks, these two firms are completely separate authorized entities. Until 2003, the corporate was traded on the NASDAQ however then its proprietor, Randeep Grewal, purchased out all of the present shares at a 69% premium and made it into a non-public power firm.
Hess is a brand new York Metropolis based mostly built-in oil company that started its life in 1919 as Ameranda Corporation. British oil entrepreneur Lord Cowdray formed it to start exploring for oil in North America. Following a number of main acquisitions, it eventually changed its name to Hess Corp. in 2006. By dealing with the exploration, manufacturing, transportation, and refining levels of oil and pure fuel, Hess avoids extra cost by finishing the logistical chain crucial for manufacturing. It additionally sells gasoline via its Hess branded filling stations in sixteen different states alongside the United States’ East Coast. By means of certainly one of its subsidiaries’ partnerships with a Venezuelan company, Hess additionally owns a part of one among the biggest crude oil refineries on the earth in the United States Virgin Islands. With around eleven,600 employees, Hess might appear tiny when in comparison with a few of its opponents despite its rank of fifty five within the 2009 Fortune 500.
Koch Industries is an American primarily based conglomerate that is predicated in Wichita, Kansas. Koch firms are concerned within the manufacturing, refining, and distribution of petroleum, chemicals, and minerals amongst many different things. They are even concerned in finance, commodities trading, and actual estate. Within the United States, Koch Industries employs 50,000 individuals and one other 20,000 in fifty nine other nations. In 2011, Forbes ranked Koch Industries as the second largest privately held company within the United States. When in comparison with publicly held companies in 2007, Koch Industries would have ranked 16th within the Fortune 500. Koch Industries is jointly owned by Charles and David Koch, the sons of one of the corporate’s founders Fred Koch. Subsidiaries of Koch Industries embody Georgia-Pacific, a paper and pulp company, Invista, a polymer and fibers company, Koch Pipeline Company LP, an oil and gasoline pipeline firm, Flint Hill Sources LP, a refining and chemicals company, Koch Fertilizer, LLC, a maker of nitrogen fertilizers, and Koch Agricultural Firm’s Matador Cattle Firm, a cattle ranching company.
Marathon Oil is a world oil and natural gas exploration and manufacturing company that is based out of Houston, Texas. Despite many exploration and manufacturing centers in different nations, it has just lately targeted its pursuits within the United States on shale performs which are liquid-rich, such as the Bakken and Eagle Ford formations. Back in 1887, Marathon Oil was began as the Ohio Oil Company earlier than it was bought up by John D. Rockefeller’s Customary Oil two years later. It remained part of Rockefeller’s oil belief till 1911 when the belief was broken. Later, in 1930 it acquired the Marathon brand name and finally renamed the company to Marathon Oil in 1962. With over 29,500 workers and greater than $77 billion in revenue in 2008, it’s hardly the most important oil and pure gas firm within the business however is certainly larger than many of its direct rivals.
Murphy Oil has been around as an international oil and pure gas firm since it was created in 1944. From its El Dorado, Arkansas headquarters and via its many subsidiaries, it operates within the United States, Canada, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, and Republic of the Congo. Murphy Oil employs over 8,600 folks, has two oil refineries and two ethanol manufacturing facilities in the United States, and an extra oil refinery in the United Kingdom. Along with its refineries, it additionally operates a growing filling station chain at Walmart Super-centers and at certain other stations within the United States. Murphy Oil had over $23 billion in income in 2010, making it smaller than most of the bigger firms in the industry however still bigger than many of its direct rivals. To offer back to the neighborhood, the El Dorado Promise was introduced in 2007. It put aside $50 million so that each scholar graduating from El Dorado’s school system could afford to go to college.
Occidental Petroleum is an oil and pure fuel exploration and manufacturing company that operates out of their Westwood, California headquarters. It is primary operations are within the United States, the Middle East, North Africa, and South America. With over 30,000 staff worldwide and a 2010 income of over $19 billion, Occidental is the most important producer of oil in Texas, the biggest pure fuel producer in California, and third largest producer of oil in California. Close to its market capitalization, it is the United States’ fourth largest oil and natural gasoline firm with operations in eight totally different states. To take care of its standing as one of many fastest growing companies within the industry, Occidental locations an emphasis on enhanced oil recovery, exploration, and acquisitions. In 2009, it made what’s believed to be the largest oil and natural fuel discovery in California within the last 35 years.
Plains Exploration and Production
Plains Exploration and Manufacturing, created in 2002, is a spin-off from Plains Resources. It is an American petroleum firm that is predicated out of their Houston, Texas headquarters. It operates in California, Wyoming, Louisiana, Texas, the Gulf of Mexico, and offshore of California. After its launch from Plains Resources in 2002, it acquired 3TEC in 2003 for $313 million and Nuevo Power in 2004 for $945 million. This equipped Plains Exploration and Production with varied oil producing assets in the southwest to compliment the exploratory property it retained after its spin off. At the top of 2008, its reported reserves were 292 million barrels of oil equivalent with a potential total of as much as 2.2 billion barrels. As of 2007, Plains Exploration and Production was the fourth largest producer of oil in California, ranked behind Chevron, Area Power, and Occidental Petroleum.
SandRidge Vitality is an oil and pure gas exploration company that has its headquarters in Oklahoma Metropolis, Oklahoma. It was originally founded in 1984 as Riata Power however ultimately changed its identify in 2006. The corporate focuses mainly on the Mid-Continent and Permian Basin however still maintains its manufacturing in West Texas, the Gulf Coast, and the Gulf of Mexico. Its drilling rigs are both owned and operated beneath the name Lariat Services. In late 2007, SandRidge’s initial public providing was of over 28 million shares of frequent inventory at $26 per share. In 2011, a royalty trust called the SandRidge Permian Trust was created to hold oil and natural fuel wells that have not but been developed in Andrews County, Texas. With over 2,200 employees and a 2010 revenue of over $1.Four billion, it is hardly a small company however usually will get ignored because of the immense dimension of a few of its opponents.
XTO Power is a personal American power firm and a member of the Fortune 500 that offers primarily with oil and pure fuel exploration and production. It was started in 1985 as Cross Timbers Oil Firm and eventually changed its identify in 2001. In 2009, it turned the single largest natural fuel producer following its 2008 acquisition of Hunt Petroleum for $4.2 billion. Later that very same yr, ExxonMobil acquired XTO as one in every of its subsidiaries for $31 billion in stock. As ExxonMobil’s subsidiary, the company was named XTO Energy Included. It’s official project as a part of its new father or mother firm is to “concentrate on international improvement and production of unconventional resources.” As of 2008, before its acquisition by ExxonMobil, XTO made over $7.6 billion in revenues and was using over 2,300 people. Its revenues earned and number of employees have most likely elevated since it was taken over by such a big and profitable company.