Crude distillation is the primary course of in the refining sequence and is important to the profitability of refinery operations. This significance has grown with the advent of cleaner fuels. This program has been developed to provide an in-depth but sensible evaluate of the art and science of crude petroleum equipment and supplies distillation. Persistently maintaining smooth operation, capacity and product quality are critically vital goals that may be difficult to achieve. Many complicated course of, gear, and reliability issues need to be balanced to optimize run-size, capacity, and high quality. With the many variables involved, constant adjustments are required.

Program individuals can have ample opportunity to acquire a broad working knowledge of crude unit operations, to realize insight into present technology and traits, and to work together with others working on this area. This system is ideal for personnel involved in refinery course of engineering, plant operations, troubleshooting, and technical companies. Course of engineers from design and construction firms as well as these providing companies to the petroleum refining industry must also find this program helpful.


1. Introduction and Process Aims

Feed and Merchandise

Importance to Refinery Operations

Normal Course of Sequences

Main Equipment

Heat Integration

2. Crude Properties

Crude Oil Characterization

Heavy Oil Fractions

3. Crude Unit Products

Lights Ends


Kerosene and Jet Gas


Gas Oils


4 . Course of Stream Sequences

Topping and Easy Models

Typical Atmospheric-Vacuum

Preflash Columns and Drums

Gas Oil Columns

Vacuum Columns

Diesel Recovery Choices

Naphtha-Kerosene Recovery Choices

5. Heat Integration and Exchangers

Heat Exchanger Networks

Heat Train Limitations

Cold Versus Scorching Prepare Duties

Split Trains

Pinch Analysis

Crude Sorts

Exchanger Design

6. Desalting

Corrosion, Fouling, Contaminants

Single Versus Two-Stage


Salt Content material and Removing Efficiency

7. Fired Heaters

Heater Varieties

Working Limits

Heat Flux

Steam Injection

eight. Atmospheric Distillation

Overhead Programs

9. Vacuum Distillation

Course of


Vacuum Programs


10. Control, Monitoring, Troubleshooting

Each day Monitoring

Management Options

Troubleshooting Frequent Issues

– Poor Separations

– Heat Removal and Heat Enter

– Entrainment – Black Merchandise

– Foaming

– Hydraulics

eleven. Revamps

Revamp Strategies

Defining Unit Efficiency

Discovering Opportunities

Future Instructions: Power Effectivity and Local weather Change

12. Current Subjects

Gentle Crudes and Tight Oils

Diesel Recovery

Condensate Splitting


reaction kettleAndrew W. Sloley is a Principal Engineer for CH2M Hill, Bellingham, Washington. He has over 30 years of experience within the hydrocarbon processing industry. At CH2M Hill he’s primarily accountable for technical design and review and acts as team chief for course of design for refinery crude units, delayed cokers, alkylation, and refinery recovery units together with gas plants and FCC product recovery. His other obligations include proposal preparation, technical assist and system troubleshooting. Andrew has authored or co-authored over 250 publications on petrochemical and refinery operations within the areas of equipment design and troubleshooting. He’s at present a contributing editor on gear and plant design for Chemical Processing magazine. He has a B.S.


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